Years ago, doctors often said that pain was a normal part of life. In
particular, when older patients ____36____ of pain, they were told it was a
natural part of aging and they would have to learn to, live with it.
Times have changed. Today, we take pain ____37____. Indeed, pain is now
considered the fifth vital, as important as blood pressure, temperature,
breathing rate and pulse in ____38____a person's well-being. We know that
chronic(慢性的) pain can disrupt (捣乱的) a person's life, causing problems that
____39 ____ from missed work todepression.
That's why a growing number of hospitals now depend upon physicians who
____40____ in pain medicine. Not onlydo we evaluate the cause of the pain, which
can help us treat the pain better, but we also help providecomprehensive therapy
for depression and other psychological and social ____41____ related to chronic
pain. Suchcomprehensive therapy often ____42 ____ the work of social workers,
psychiatrists (心思大夫) and psychologists, aswell as specialists in pain
This modem ____43____ for pain management has led to a wealth of innovative
treatments which are more effectiveand with fewer side effects than ever before.
Decades ago, there were only a ____44 ____number of drugs available, andmany of
them caused ____45 ____ side effects in older people， including dizziness and
fatigue. This created a double-edged sword: the medications helped relieve the
pain but caused other problems that could be worse than the painitself.